IMO Announces Release Of The Ship-Port Interface Guide To Reduce GHG Emissions - Transport -

IMO Announces Release Of The Ship-Port Interface Guide To Reduce GHG Emissions – Transport



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IMO Announces Release Of The Ship-Port Interface Guide To Reduce GHG Emissions


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 In March, the International Maritime Organization
(“IMO”) announced the release of the Ship-Port Interface
Guide (the “Guide”)1 for the purpose of
reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (“GHG”).  
The Guide was developed by the Global Industry Alliance2
to Support Low Carbon Shipping pursuant to the IMO-Norway
GreenVoyage2020 project, 3   the
Paris Agreement,4 and the United Nations 2030
Agenda for Sustainable Development.5 The Guide contains
practical steps to be implemented for the overarching purpose of
reducing GHG in the world shipping industry. A number of commercial
shipping interests, including the cruise industry, have
collectively endeavored to reduce GHG for the shipping industry. To
that end, the Global Industry Alliance considered that the average
lifetime of a commercial ship is approximately 25 years.


           
The practical solutions set forth in the Guide require smaller
capital investments and operational costs to implement the 
protocols.  Additionally, the steps established within the
Guide are easily established and conducted in shipping
operations.  Finally  the   Measures contained
within the Guide are projected to sharply curtain GHG emissions
over time.       
      . 


           
The Guide contains 8 Measures that are easily implemented. The
Measures are as follows:

  • Measure 1:  Facilitate Immobilization in
    Ports.
    This Measure is designed to reduce vessel time in
    ports. The Measure recommends that work and repairs to the main
    engine proceed simultaneously with cargo loading and unloading
    operations.

  • Measure 2:  Facilitate Hull and
    Propeller Cleaning in Ports
    .  Similar to Measure 1,
    this protocol also recommends that hull and propeller cleaning
    transpire at the same time as cargo loading and offloading.
    Although many ports do not allow cleaning of a vessel hull in port
    to prevent the transmission of invasive species, the Guide suggests
    following the BIMCO6 protocol if possible.

  • Measure 3:    Facilitate Simultaneous
    Operations (simops) in Ports.
      The simultaneous
    operations of cargo loading and offloading, bunkering, cleaning of
    tanks, and replenishing ship stores and other provisions would
    minimize the time spent in port and reduce the corresponding GHG
    emissions.

  • Measure 4:     Optimize Port Stay
    by Pre-Clearance.
      This Measure is intended to
    eliminate waiting time for clearance into a port. Ideally,
    pre-clearance could be arranged for port customs, port health
    requirements, and immigration authorities as well as cargo, crew,
    and passenger clearance in accord with the FAL
    Convention.7

  • Measure 5:     Improve Planning of
    Ships Calling at Multiple Berths in One Port. 
    This
    Measure recommends strategic organization to minimize the times
    that a ship is in port.

  • Measure 6:    
    Improve Ship/Berth Compatibility Through Improved Port
    Master Data. 
    Measure 6 recommends obtaining data
    about the size restrictions of ports and berths by AIS (Automated
    Information System) prior to seeking clearance.  The AIS is
    mandatory under SOLAS8 and certainly could provide ships
    with valuable information about ports. 

  • Measure 7:    
    Enable Ship Deadweight Optimization Through Improved Port
    Master Data.
       The Guide recommends improving
    Port Master Data for tides, water depth and water density to
    improve deadweight capability.   The Measure recommends
    that information concerning the deep water route, fairway, berth
    pocket and harbor basin should be obtained prior to entry to the
    port.

  • Measure 8:   Optimize Speed
    Between Ports.
      The Guide recommends arriving
    promptly when berthing facilities are available to minimize time
    spent waiting at a port.

Footnotes

1 https://wwwcdn.imo.org/localresources/en/MediaCentre/Documents/Ship-Port%20Interface%20Guide.pdf.

2 https://glomeep.imo.org/global-industry-alliance/global-industry-alliance-gia/.

3 https://greenvoyage2050.imo.org/.

4 https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/english_paris_agreement.pdf

5 https://wwwcdn.imo.org/localresources/en/MediaCentre/Documents/Ship-Port%20Interface%20Guide.pdf.;
https://www.un.org/pga/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/08/120815_outcome-document-of-Summit-for-adoption-of-the-post-2015-development-agenda.pdf

6 https://www.bimco.org/news/priority-news/20210402-shipping-industry-takes-new-step-to-protect-marine-environments.

7 https://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Facilitation/Pages/FALConvention-Default.aspx.

8 https://www.navcen.uscg.gov/pdf/AIS/AIS_Regs_SOLAS_MTSA_2015.pdf. 
The U.S. has implemented the AIS requirement from SOLAS in 46 U.S.C
§70114.

Originally published by ATLP.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.

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