Uzbekistan Construction Industry to Use Basalt, an Alternative to Iron. Strong growing Uzbekistan’s construction industry is planning to make use of basalt as a new alternative raw material for iron in construction sphere soon, the Uzbek media reported.
Basalt is the most common natural stone, a rock of volcanic origin, which can be found in the form of inter-plastic bodies or lava flows that have arisen after a volcanic eruption. Uzbekistan Construction Industry to Use Basalt, an Alternative to Iron.
According to the expert of the Ministry of Construction of Uzbekistan, senior lecturer of the Tashkent Architectural and Construction Institute Jaloliddin Tohirov, Basalt is very durable, light and cheap material compared to iron. It has a number of advantages: resistance to abrasion, to influence of alkalis and acids, excellent thermal insulation and sound attenuation, strength, thermal stability and fire resistance, high di-electricity, durability, environmental friendliness. Use of basalt in constructions will completely outplace the metal ones in the future.
According to experts, the basalt reinforcement will find its niche in the construction industry; thanks to its special characteristics. It is four times lighter and at the same time three times stronger than steel reinforcement. In addition, it does not absorb moisture, does not corrode, does not conduct an electric current and has a low thermal conductivity.
Commercial Director of the Mega Invest Industrial, a manufacturer of basalt reinforcement, Ramir Ahmadiyev said that there is enough basalt in Uzbekistan for 1,000 years, while foreign countries mostly lack it. This product is becoming increasingly popular in European countries and in North America. Houses, bridges, roads are built from basalt. The company is planning to take part in construction in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and other neighboring countries.
The basalt reinforcement is a relatively new product, which is actively used in innovative construction across the world. No welding work is required when using this building material. It can be knit with plastic clamps, as well as with conventional knitting wire, which is important for increasing seismic resistance.
Mega Invest Industrial commissioned a basalt factory in 2017 in Jizzakh for production of basalt fiber, used for manufacturing reinforcements and composite mesh.
In Uzbekistan, basalt is mined in the Navoi and Jizzakh regions, as well as in the Fergana Valley.